Ancient Origins: Astrology has ancient roots, dating back to Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China around 2,000-3,000 BCE. Early practitioners observed celestial patterns and correlated them with earthly events.
Babylonian and Greek Contributions: Babylonian astrologers developed the zodiac around 5th century BCE, influencing Greek astrology. Hellenistic astrologers, like Ptolemy, contributed to the system of planetary rulerships and aspects.
Islamic Golden Age: During the Islamic Golden Age (8th to 14th centuries), scholars translated and expanded upon Greek and Roman astrological texts, preserving and advancing astrological knowledge.
Medieval Europe: Astrology flourished in medieval Europe, with scholars blending Arabic and classical traditions. Astrology was widely practiced, and royal courts employed court astrologers.
Renaissance and Humanism: The Renaissance saw a revival of interest in classical knowledge, including astrology. Humanist scholars explored astrology's philosophical and symbolic aspects.
Scientific Revolution: The Scientific Revolution in the 17th century led to a shift in intellectual paradigms, and astrology faced criticism from emerging scientific disciplines.
19th Century Revival: In the 19th century, astrology experienced a revival with the rise of spiritual movements and interest in mysticism. Astrology became popular among certain circles.
Modern developments: Psychological astrology rose in the 20th century. Astrology has a diverse audience, with internet horoscopes, and it evolves with modern ideas.