Increased Risk of Heart Disease: Obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, including coronary artery disease, heart attacks, and heart failure.
Hypertension: Obesity often leads to elevated blood pressure, contributing to hypertension, a significant risk factor for cardiovascular complications.
Dyslipidemia: Obesity is associated with abnormal lipid profiles, including high levels of triglycerides and low levels of HDL cholesterol, contributing to atherosclerosis and heart disease.
Diabetes Connection: Obesity is closely linked to the development of type 2 diabetes, which further increases the risk of cardiovascular complications.
Atherosclerosis: Excess body fat can lead to the build-up of plaques in arteries, narrowing blood vessels and increasing the risk of atherosclerosis.
Heart Failure: Obesity is a significant risk factor for heart failure, where the heart is unable to pump blood effectively to meet the body's needs.
Arrhythmias: Obesity increases the risk of irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias), potentially leading to complications such as strokes.
Inflammatory Factors: Chronic inflammation associated with obesity contributes to vascular inflammation, promoting the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases.