Definition: Climate refers to long-term atmospheric patterns, while weather describes short-term atmospheric conditions.
Time Scale: Climate reflects averages over 30 years or more, whereas weather pertains to the current state of the atmosphere.
Scope: Climatology studies climate trends, while meteorology focuses on predicting and understanding day-to-day weather changes.
Variability: Climate showcases consistent patterns, while weather involves constant fluctuations.
Spatial Consideration: Climate is regional or global, while weather is specific to a particular location.
Influence: Climate affects ecosystems and long-term planning, while weather events impact daily life and immediate decision-making.
Predictability: Climate is relatively predictable, while short-term weather forecasts can be uncertain.
Adaptation: Societies adapt to climate through long-term planning, while weather events demand immediate adjustments and responses.